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Vaccine Preventable Diseases & Immunizations

Find out more about the diseases you may encounter, and the vaccine information that can help protect you.

Rabies

WHAT IS IT?

  • Rabies is a rare viral infection of the brain that follows a bite, scratch, or, less commonly, a lick from an infected animal3
  • An animal can seem normal and still carry the rabies virus.4 Following exposure, the only way to avoid deadly rabies symptoms is to get medical attention right away.5
  • Rabies is fatal if not treated, but may be prevented by prompt medical care, including immunization after exposure3

PREVENTION TIPS

  • Pre-exposure vaccination will reduce the number of injections you require if you are exposed to rabies during your trip3
  • Be aware of your surroundings at all times and stay alert
  • Not all rabid animals behave ferociously—some become docile4
  • Animals which may carry rabies can include dogs, cats, foxes, skunks, raccoons, bats, and cattle3
  • Avoid contact with wild animals and stray domestic animals, particularly dogs and cats, while visiting areas of increased rabies risk4
  • If you are bitten or scratched by any animal that might have rabies, wash the wound immediately for several minutes with lots of soap and clean water. You must see a doctor immediately for treatment, even if you have been vaccinated.3
  • Currently there are 2 vaccines available in the United States. Please consult your travel physician to determine which vaccine is right for you.5

Consult your travel physician for additional health information.

For more information visit: wwwnc.cdc.gov/travel/page/diseases.htm

IMMUNIZATIONS

Depending upon your travel plans and prior vaccination history, it may be recommended that you consider pre-exposure vaccination against rabies if:

  • You will be spending 1 month or more in countries where rabies exists5
  • You will be traveling in rural areas, away from a major medical center5
  • Your travel abroad may involve more frequent animal contact, such as hiking in rabies-risk areas3

The complete vaccination series consists of 3 doses:

  • Two injections, 1 week apart
  • A third injection, 2 weeks after the second injection3

Even if you have received 3 doses of vaccine, you must still see a doctor for prompt medical treatment if you have reason to believe that you have been exposed to rabies.5

HELP PROTECT YOURSELF

Vaccines can help protect you from diseases that are still common in many parts of the world. Make certain you contact your health care provider and determine which vaccines you should receive before you travel.

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Diseases to Guard Against

When you’ve added your destinations, it is recommended that you take this list to your doctor so you can discuss relevant vaccinations before you travel.

Travel vaccines help protect you from illnesses present in other parts of the world, and help prevent the importation of infectious diseases across international borders. Which vaccinations you need depends on a number of factors, including your age, health status, and previous immunizations.

COMBINATION VACCINES

There are combination vaccines that help protect against multiple diseases that may reduce the number of shots you need.

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